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Contents

Introduction

Summary

Erie County Communities and Cardiovascular Disease

Erie County Communities and Cancer

Technical Information

Optional Analyses

Exhibit 1 Major Causes of Death of Erie County Residents, 1994 - 1996

Exhibit 2.1 Erie County Communities and Cardiovascular Disease

Exhibit 2.2 Erie County Communities and Cancer

Exhibit 3 Erie County Mortality Profile

Exhibit 4 Amherst / Clarence

Exhibit 5 Buffalo - Central Mortality Profile

Exhibit 6 Buffalo - Lackawanna Mortality Profile

Exhibit 7 Buffalo - Lower West Side Mortality Profile

Exhibit 8 Buffalo - Northeast Mortality Profile

Exhibit 9 Buffalo - Northwest Mortality Profile

Exhibit 10 Buffalo - South Mortality Profile

Exhibit 11 Buffalo - Southeast Mortality Profile

Exhibit 12 Cheektowaga / Lancaster Mortality Profile

Exhibit 13 Erie - Southeast Mortality Profile

Exhibit 14 Erie - Southwest Mortality Profile

Exhibit 15 Hamburg / Eden Mortality Profile

Exhibit 16 Orchard Park / West Seneca Mortality Profile

Exhibit 17 Tonawanda / Grand Island Mortality Profile

Mailing List Form

This Document in PDF Format

 

Introduction

The Report on Mortality Rates for Erie County Communities contains a compilation of data on major causes of death of Erie County residents for the time period 1994 through 1996. Data on the actual number of deaths, age/sex adjusted annual death rates, and comparative percentiles for the County and its communities are depicted. The document is a ready reference for health care organizations and practitioners serving Erie County. The information in the Report may assist organizations and practitioners in two significant ways.

 

Identifying and describing local impacts.
The majority of statistics on chronic diseases are most readily available for the County, New York State, and the nation. Many agencies must rely on that data to describe the importance of their programs or services. Yet, administrators and their boards, interested in understanding the impact of a particular health problem on the communities they serve, often can not do so. This report provides agencies and practitioners with exact data of the impact of a variety of major diseases in Erie County and its 14 communities.

 

Identifying needy communities and targeting resources and programs.

Actual figures tell half the story - exactly how many people died from what major cause. However, such raw data is skewed by the size of the community under study. Communities with large populations almost always eclipse communities with small populations due solely to the difference in population size. The age/sex adjusted rates contained in this report in combination with percentile data pinpoint communities with high comparative needs and screen out the population size problem. Hence this report provides a targeting system which assists organizations in directing their resources at communities with the greatest needs. The targeting system can help organizations schedule presentations or educational sessions and distribute informational material and pamphlets in communities with the highest comparative needs.

 

HMS Associates

This document was prepared by HMS Associates, Getzville, NY. HMS Associates, was established in 1990 by Gregory Bonk, President and has conducted community health needs assessment related studies for hospitals, community organizations, health care networks, county health departments, and academic institutions. This report may be copied and distributed with the permission of HMS Associates. Additional color copies are available for a nominal fee.

HMS Associates anticipates issuing a series of reports on health in the Western New York area. If you are interested in receiving future reports, please complete the last page of this document and send it to:

Gregory Bonk, President
HMS Associates
2280 Millersport Highway,
P.O. Box 374
Getzville, NY 14068-0374

Phone inquiries are welcome at 716-688-8448.

 

Summary

Over the three year period 1994 through 1996, 30,548 Erie County residents died. This equalled an age/sex adjusted annual death rate of 913.7 deaths per 100,000 people. Only 5% of the 57 upstate New York counties had a death rate equal to or greater than the overall death rate for Erie County. The major causes of death for this time period were:

These four causes of death accounted for approximately 24 out of every 30 deaths that occurred during this time period. Accidents, diabetes, cirrhosis of the liver, septicemia, AIDS, and suicides each took at least 250 lives during this time period.

The age/sex adjusted annual death rate for cardiovascular disease was 413.0 per 100,000 people for Erie County. Only 7% of the 57 upstate New York counties had death rates equal to or in excess of this rate. The age/sex adjusted annual death rate for cancer for Erie County was 218.3 deaths per 100,000 people. 32% of the 57 upstate New York counties had death rates equal to or higher than this rate. Age/sex adjusted annual death rates for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and pneumonia were low in comparison to 57 counties in New York state. 79% of upstate counties had a death rate equal to or higher than the death rate for Erie County for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and 66% of the 57 upstate New York counties had a death rate equal to or higher than the County's death rate for pneumonia.

 


Exhibit 1
Major Causes of Death of Erie County Residents, 1994 - 1996

 

 

Erie County Communities and Cardiovascular Disease

The Buffalo - Central and Erie Southwest communities had the highest age/sex adjusted death rates for cardiovascular disease of the 14 communities in Erie County. Cardiovascular disease took 1,355 lives of Buffalo - Central residents for an age/sex annual adjusted death rate of 487.3 per 100,000 people. For the Erie Southwest community, 251 people expired from cardiovascular disease during the time period studied. This equalled an age/sex adjusted annual death rate of 481.4 deaths per 100,000 people. Conversely, the communities of Amherst/Clarence and Erie Southeast had the lowest comparative death rates for cardiovascular disease.

The Erie Southwest and Buffalo-South communities had the highest death rates for acute myocardial infarction (AMI) or heart attacks. In the Erie Southwest community, 100 individuals died from this cause. This equalled an age/sex adjusted annual death rate of 192.5 deaths per 100,000 people. 146 residents of the Buffalo - South community died from AMI. This equalled an age/sex adjusted annual death rate of 129.9 deaths per 100,000 people. Residents of Amherst/Clarence and Buffalo - Northeast communities had the lowest death rates for AMI in Erie County. This information is depicted in the map in Exhibit 2.1, Erie County Communities and Cardiovascular Disease.

 

Exhibit 2.1
Erie County Communities and Cardiovascular Disease

 

Erie County Communities and Cancer

The Buffalo - Central and Buffalo - Southeast communities of Erie County have the highest cancer death rates, 269.4 deaths per 100,000 people and 242.2 deaths per 100,000 people respectively. During 1994 through 1996, 739 residents of Buffalo - Central, and 264 residents of Buffalo Southeast died from cancer. The Amherst/Clarence and Erie Southwest communities had the lowest cancer death rate of communities studied.

Trachea/bronchus/lung cancer deaths were very high for the Buffalo - Southeast and Buffalo - Central communities, 81.1 deaths per 100,000 people and 79.6 deaths per 100,000 people respectively. During 1994 through 1996, 88 residents of Buffalo - Southeast and 216 residents of Buffalo - Central died from trachea/bronchus/lung cancer. The communities of Amherst/Clarence and Erie - Southeast had the lowest age/sex adjusted death rates for this type of cancer. This information is depicted in Exhibit 2.2 entitled Erie County Communities and Cancer.

 

Exhibit 2.2
Erie County Communities and Cancer

 

Technical Information

The Mortality Profile is a presentation of statistics related to the deaths of residents of 14 Erie County communities. The data was gathered by the New York State Department of Health (DOH) during the years 1994 through 1996. The raw record-level data for these five years reflects 30,548 death records for residents of these 14 communities. Nine columns make up the Profile: The area for which data is displayed is depicted in the header, in this case, Buffalo-Lackawanna.

Each row of data represents a single cause of death (1). For instance, consider the last row of the table below. All of the data on that row refer to deaths due to Hypertensive Heart Disease. In 1994-1996 there were 10 such deaths in Buffalo-Lackawanna (2), which is a Mortality Rate of 8.9 deaths per 100,000 people per year (3). This is an increase of 51% over the 5.9 rate in the Base year 1994, so the Trend is greater than 5%, or " " (4). The 8.9 figure is then displayed in the bar graph (5).

A percentile is then calculated, which represents (in this case) the percentage of communities that have an equal or higher death rate for Hypertensive Heart Disease. On this row, that percentage is 31% (6). The 31% figure is then displayed in the bar graph (7). The further to the left the bar is from the center, the worse the percentile and vice versa. Finally, the Mean (8.0) and Standard Deviation (2.8) for all communities for this rate are listed (8), (9).

 

 

The following major causes of death are included in each profile:

Total

Accidents by Type
AIDS
Cancer by Type
Cardiovascular Disease by Type
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Cirrhosis of the Liver
Complications of Pregnancy
Conditions in the Perinatal Period
Congenital Anomalies
Diabetes Mellitus
Gastritis et al
Homicide & Legal Intervention
Influenza
Nephritis et al
Pneumonia
Septicemia
Sudden Infant Death Syndrome
Suicide
Tuberculosis
All Other

 

The 14 Erie County Communities are composed of the following Zip Codes:

Amherst/Clarence - Exhibit 4
14001, 14026, 14031, 14032, 14051, 14068, 14221, 14226, 14228

Buffalo-Central - Exhibit 5
14203, 14204, 14208, 14211, 14212

Buffalo-Lackawanna - Exhibit 6
14218, 14219

Buffalo-Lower West Side - Exhibit 7
14201, 14202

Buffalo-Northeast - Exhibit 8
14214, 14215

Buffalo-Northwest - Exhibit 9
14209, 14213, 14216, 14222

Buffalo-South - Exhibit 10
14210, 14220

Buffalo-Southeast - Exhibit 11
14206

Cheektowaga/Lancaster - Exhibit 12
14004, 14038, 14043, 14086, 14102, 14225, 14227

Erie-Southeast - Exhibit 13
14025, 14030, 14055, 14069, 14080, 14134, 14141

Erie-Southwest - Exhibit 14
14034, 14035, 14061, 14070, 14079, 14081, 14091

Hamburg/Eden - Exhibit 15
14006, 14010, 14027, 14047, 14057, 14075, 14085 , 14110, 14111, 14112

Orchard Park/West Seneca - Exhibit 16
14033, 14052, 14059, 14127, 14139, 14140, 14169, 14170, 14224

Tonawanda/Grand Island - Exhibit 17
14072, 14150, 14207, 14217, 14223

 

Optional Analyses

HMS Associates can customize these analyses to meet your needs. More targeted analyses can be conducted on a zip code level, an age/sex group, or ethnicity type to further pinpoint groups in communities highly in need of preventive health care services.

 

Exhibit 3
Erie County Mortality Profile

Death figures less than five should be interpreted with caution.

Source: © HMS Associates, Getzville, NY, New York State Department of Health, 1994 - 1996.

 

Exhibit 4
Amherst / Clarence

Death figures less than five should be interpreted with caution.

Source: © HMS Associates, Getzville, NY, New York State Department of Health, 1994 - 1996.

 

Exhibit 5
Buffalo - Central Mortality Profile

Death figures less than five should be interpreted with caution.

Source: © HMS Associates, Getzville, NY, New York State Department of Health, 1994 - 1996.

 

Exhibit 6
Buffalo - Lackawanna Mortality Profile

Death figures less than five should be interpreted with caution.

Source: © HMS Associates, Getzville, NY, New York State Department of Health, 1994 - 1996.

 

Exhibit 7
Buffalo - Lower West Side Mortality Profile

Death figures less than five should be interpreted with caution.

Source: © HMS Associates, Getzville, NY, New York State Department of Health, 1994 - 1996.


Exhibit 8
Buffalo - Northeast Mortality Profile

Death figures less than five should be interpreted with caution.

Source: © HMS Associates, Getzville, NY, New York State Department of Health, 1994 - 1996.

 

Exhibit 9
Buffalo - Northwest Mortality Profile

Death figures less than five should be interpreted with caution.

Source: © HMS Associates, Getzville, NY, New York State Department of Health, 1994 - 1996.

 

Exhibit 10
Buffalo - South Mortality Profile

Death figures less than five should be interpreted with caution.

Source: © HMS Associates, Getzville, NY, New York State Department of Health, 1994 - 1996.

 

Exhibit 11
Buffalo - Southeast Mortality Profile

Death figures less than five should be interpreted with caution.

Source: © HMS Associates, Getzville, NY, New York State Department of Health, 1994 - 1996.

 

Exhibit 12
Cheektowaga / Lancaster Mortality Profile

Death figures less than five should be interpreted with caution.

Source: © HMS Associates, Getzville, NY, New York State Department of Health, 1994 - 1996.

 

Exhibit 13
Erie - Southeast Mortality Profile

 

Death figures less than five should be interpreted with caution.

Source: © HMS Associates, Getzville, NY, New York State Department of Health, 1994 - 1996.

 

Exhibit 14
Erie - Southwest Mortality Profile

 

Death figures less than five should be interpreted with caution.

Source: © HMS Associates, Getzville, NY, New York State Department of Health, 1994 - 1996.

 

Exhibit 15
Hamburg / Eden Mortality Profile

Death figures less than five should be interpreted with caution.

Source: © HMS Associates, Getzville, NY, New York State Department of Health, 1994 - 1996.

 

Exhibit 16
Orchard Park / West Seneca Mortality Profile

 

Death figures less than five should be interpreted with caution.

Source: © HMS Associates, Getzville, NY, New York State Department of Health, 1994 - 1996.

 

Exhibit 17
Tonawanda / Grand Island Mortality Profile

 

Death figures less than five should be interpreted with caution.

Source: © HMS Associates, Getzville, NY, New York State Department of Health, 1994 - 1996

 


 

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